If you’re new to cannabis, you’re likely learning a lot. There’s so much to know and to consider before you make your first cannabis purchase.
One thing you may find particularly overwhelming is the language of cannabis. The industry has its own terminology and jargon. If you’re unfamiliar with it, you may find yourself confused.
Keep this glossary handy as you navigate the terrain of the cannabis market. It will help you understand what you’re looking for and what you’re getting.
What Is Cannabis?
The first term you’re going to encounter is the word cannabis itself. Many people believe they’re familiar with this term, but doing more research may muddy the waters more than expected.
What exactly is cannabis?
Most often, it refers to the dried leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant. This product goes by many different names, including marijuana.
The term can also be used to refer to other products made from the cannabis plant. This includes extracts, oils, and concentrates.
The Ingredients in Cannabis
The effects of cannabis are caused by what’s in the plant. Cannabinoids are some of the most famous substances found in cannabis, responsible for many of the plant’s medicinal effects.
You may be familiar with cannabinoids like THC and CBD, which are considered active. There are also inactive cannabinoids, such as THCA. The process of decarboxylation uses low heat to transform these substances.
Cannabis also contains terpenes, which creates distinct flavours and odours. Terpenes also have medicinal effects. Different strains contain different terpenes, which helps account for their differential effects.
Types and Strains
There are two different plants in the cannabis family. The most famous are cannabis sativa and cannabis indica. People will talk about sativa and indica strains, which really refers to the type of plant.
There are also hybrids plants, which cross indicas and sativas. Heirlooms are plant strains that haven’t been crossbred with others.
Different plants have different phenotypes, meaning their genetics influence them to show different traits.
A famous strain is the indica Kush, sometimes called Hindu Kush for where it was originally cultivated. Today, there are many related strains, all of them with “Kush” in the name.
Types of Cannabis Products and Methods of Use
There are many different cannabis products. There are dried cannabis products. These are typically smoked, but they can also be used in food products, called edibles.
Concentrates and oils are typically refined from the flowers. They’re both more potent. Cannabis resin is used to create kief and hash from the cannabis plant’s trichomes, glands that secrete the sticky resin.
Hemp is another cannabis product, but it usually isn’t considered for recreational use or medicinal use. It’s used to create paper, cloth, and more.
Vaporizing cannabis is a popular method of consumption. Smoking is also popular, although it usually isn’t recommended since it can lead to health issues.
Learn More about Cannabis
This guide will help you begin to understand some of the complex terminology around cannabis and its use. There’s still more you can learn. Processes and procedures in the industry have their own terminology, such as flowering time and trimming.
The industry is even developing terminology for particular kinds of jobs and companies within the supply chain.
The more you know about cannabis, the more informed your decisions will be. By better understanding the terminology, you’ll be able to make better choices for your treatment plan.